Skill Set layering
Patient scenarios are created based on the skills (competencies - tasks) faculty want students to learn or demonstrate. Typically there are several competencies or basic steps that make up the "skill" or "task." The total number of individual steps for a single "skill" or "task" can be called a Skill Set.
The Skill Set that the student is expected to learn or demonstrate, drives what type of simulated patient, related equipment, supplies, and personnel are needed for the scenario. A task trainer may work for a single Skill Set, but add a second Skill Set (layer) and you may need to change patient, supplies, and equipment. Here is an example:
Skill Set Layer 1.
Easy stuff. The student has to know how to:
You might even have them document the numbers somewhere.
All of this can be done on a human (fellow classmate) or a task trainer. A task trainer may allow you to alter the BP for each student and several times for the same student so you have a better idea they can really perform the task. Unless you have the student repeat the skill at different BP's, it may have been just plain ole luck.
Here is where things change by adding what many call a set of core competencies. Core competencies are important key skills that the student is expected to always perform. They know them so well that you could call them "habits."
Skill Set - Layer 2.
A task trainer typically provides opportunity to learn or demonstrate ONE task (skill set.) How aptly named. You, however, want a second Skill Set (layer number 2) demonstrated. Lets take the individual steps and see how they drive the whole scenario.
Introduce self to patient and ID patient:
Explain the Procedure;
For something like WIPES, a set of core skills, only part of the skill sets could be evaluated with a task trainer. All of the core skills could be evaluated with low fidelity or high fidelity patient simulation. WIPES requires a method for cleaning hands, a bed, perhaps privacy curtains and a patient who can talk. As you add additional skill layers, you will need more/different supplies, equipment and perhaps even a different patient simulator.
Copyright 2005-2009 - www.SimsAcademy.info
| Contact Mike Foss